Chemistry Class 11

NCERT Solutions for class 11 chemistry syllabus: For students who want to understand more and more concepts, the NCERT solution is ideal. NCERT’s chemistry class 11 solutions help students cover all subjects in detail. Students have the freedom to choose their own chemistry class 11 topics. You can download the NCERT solution for class 11 chemistry students who want to study from the comfort of their own home.

Chemistry class 11 NCERT solution

NCERT chemistry class 11 Solutions provides all solutions to questions asked in textbooks. The solutions provided are comprehensive and in the simplest way possible. In this way, NCERT’s class 11 chemistry syllabus decisions ensure that students understand the topic well.

This helps students pass test points. This will help them develop a basic understanding of the subject. Since this topic requires understanding, and not just memorizing, chemistry ncert class 11, below we give you an overview of all the chapters in class 11 chemistry included in the NCERT textbook.

NCERT chemistry class 11 main chemical solutions can be accessed from this website. Students will find that the solution provided by for class 11 chemistry NCERT is free for all users to view online or download as a PDF.

Class 11 chemistry NCERT Chapters

  • Chapter 1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry
  • Chapter 2: Atomic Structure
  • Chapter 3: Elements Classification and periodicity in properties
  • Chapter 4: Chemical Bonds and Molecular Structure
  • Chapter 5: The Condition of the Matter
  • Chapter 6: Thermodynamics
  • Chapter 7: Balance
  • Chapter 8: Redox Reactions
  • Chapter 9: Hydrogen
  • Chapter 10: S-Block Elements
  • Chapter 11: P-Block Elements
  • Chapter 12: Organic Chemistry
  • Chapter 13: Hydrocarbons
  • Chapter 14: Environmental Chemistry

Properties of class 11 chemistry NCERT Solutions

NCERT class 11 chemistry syllabus solution provided by function:

  • Detailed explanation of all logical questions.
  • Step by step guide for solving problems with numerical values.
  • Short and precise answers to all theoretical questions.
  • Verified answers from top topic experts.

Note: CBSE chemistry ncert class 11 students can bookmark this page in their browser for future easy access to NCERT’s Grade 11 chemistry solutions.

Class 11 chemistry chapter 1: Chemistry basic concepts

NCERT class 11 chemistry chapter 1 NCERT describes the role of chemistry in everyday life. In addition, this chapter describes the laws of chemical combination and the properties of matter. In 11th chemistry chapter 1 , students will discuss in detail Dalton’s atomic theory, which explains the concepts of molecules and atoms. 11th chemistry Chapter 1, also discusses molecular mass and the concept of atomic mass.

NCERT class 11 chemistry chapter 1 notes Sub Topic

  • Importance of chemistry
  • Material properties
  • Material properties and size
  • International System of Units (Si)
  • Heavy and heavy
  • Measurement uncertainty
  • Scientific notation
  • Important numbers
  • Dimensional analysis
  • Chemical combination law
  • Law of Conservation of Mass
  • The law of certain proportions
  • Law of multiple proportions
  • Gay Lussac’s law of gas quantities
  • Avogadro’s Law
  • Dalton’s atomic theory
  • Atomic and molecular masses
  • Atomic mass
  • Average atomic mass
  • Molecular weight
  • Formula mass
  • Mole and corner table concept
  • Percentage composition
  • Molecular formula for molecular formula
  • Stoichiometry and stoichiometric calculations
  • Limiting reagents
  • Reaction in solution.

Chemistry class 11 ncert Chapter 2 Atomic Structure

Chemistry class 11 Chapter 2 will be important for atoms, and therefore students will be introduced to the discovery of protons, electrons, and neutrons. You will also learn what isotopes, isobars, atomic numbers, etc.

Chemistry class 11 chapter 2 NCERT also describes the details of the Thomson model and its limitations. There is also talk of the Bohr model and the Rutherford model and their limits. There are several details that go into the dual nature of light and matter, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, De Bruy’s Principle, the shape of s, d and p orbitals, quantum numbers, etc.

There are also topics such as Hund’s rule and the Pauli exclusion principle which are also covered in chemistry class 11 chapter 2

Subtopics of Class 11 chemistry ncert class 11 Chapter 2 Atomic Structure

Subatomic particles

  • Electron detection
  • The ratio of charge to mass of electrons
  • Fill electrons
  • Proton and neutron detection

Atomic model

  • Thomson model of atom
  • Rutherford nuclear model
  • Atomic number and mass number
  • Isobars and isotopes
  • Disadvantages of the Rutherford model

Developments that led to the Bohr atomic model

  • Properties of electromagnetic radiation waves
  • The partial nature of electromagnetic radiation: Planck’s quantum theory
  • Quantum electronic energy level reference: atomic spectrum

Bohr’s model for the hydrogen atom

  • Description of the linear hydrogen spectrum
  • Limitations of the Bohr model

For the quantum mechanical atomic model

  • Multiple material behavior
  • The Heisenberg uncertainty principle

The quantum mechanical atomic model

  • Orbit and quantum numbers
  • Atomic orbital shape
  • Orbital energy
  • Filling orbitals into atoms
  • Atomic electronic configuration
  • Fully dual and half double subspecies stability.

Chemistry ncert class 11 Chapter 3 Periodicity of Properties and Classification of Elements

Chemistry solution class 11 chapter 3, you will learn more about the history of the periodic table and how it evolved, the importance of the classification of the periodic table, how the periodic table was formed today, and much more.

In addition, information about trends in the periodic table for atoms such as ionic radius, radius, radius of inert gas, electronegativity, electron amplification, valence, etc. Described in more detail in this chapter. A total of 40 questions are included in the CBSE chemistry Solution class 11 NCERT for students to practice.

Subtopics Chemistry class 11 syllabus Chapter 3 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

  • Why should we classify the elements?
  • The origin of the periodic classification
  • The laws of the modern period and the shape of the periodic table today
  • Nomenclature of elements with serial number> 100
  • Electronic configuration of elements and the periodic table

Electronic configuration and element type: 5, P, D, F block Ex

  • S block elements
  • P. block elements
  • D block element (transition element)
  • F-block element (internal transient)
  • Metals, nonmetals and metalloids

Periodic trends in element properties

  • Trends in physical traits
  • Periodic trends in chemical properties
  • Periodic trends and chemical reactivity

NCERT Chemistry class 11 syllabus, Chapter 4: Chemical Bonds and Molecular Structure

This chapter 4 on NCERT chemistry notes class 11 will help you understand what covalent and ionic bonds are. There are more details about bond parameters, covalent bonds and these are polar properties, valence bond theory, covalent bonds and their geometry, resonance and others.

In addition, this chapter describes the VSEPR theory, the concept of hybridization with s, d and p orbitals, the shape of several different molecules, and much more. There are a total of 40 questions in chemical bonding class 11 notes which can help students practice.

The conceptual approach to developing NCERT 11th chemistry chemical solutions makes it especially useful in chapter revisions. NCERT Chemistry chemical bonding class 11 notes is developed by highly qualified subject matter experts and allows students to solve such problems with ease. In addition, solutions to relatively complex problems include step-by-step algorithms that can be used to solve them.

Class 11 Chemistry Subtopics Chapter 4: Chemical Bonds and Molecular Structures

Octet rules

  • Covalent bonds
  • Lewis representation of simple molecules (Lewis structures)
  • Official charge
  • Octet rule constraints

Ionic or electrovalent bonds

  • Lattice enthalpy

Bond parameters

  • Bond length
  • Connection angle
  • Binding enthalpy
  • Bond orders
  • Resonance structure
  • Bond polarity

The electron pair repulsion theory of the valence shell (VSEPR)

Valence bond theory

  • The concept of overlapping orbitals
  • Targeted bond properties
  • Overlapping atomic orbitals
  • Types of overlaps and types of covalent bonds
  • Strength of sigma and pi bonds


  • Hybridization type
  • Another example of the hybridization of Sp3, Sp2 and Sp
  • Hybridization of elements with D orbitals

Molecular orbital theory

  • Formation of molecular orbitals
  • Linear combination of atomic orbitals
  • Conditions for the combination of atomic orbitals
  • Types of molecular orbitals
  • Energy level diagram for molecular orbitals
  • Electronic configuration and molecular behavior

Bonds in some homonuclear diatomic molecules

Hydrogen bonds

  • The reason for the formation of hydrogen bonds
  • H. bond type

NCERT Chemistry notes class 11, Chapter 5: State of Matter

Chemistry class 11 chapter 5, students learn about the three forms of matter and the types of bonds and interactions between molecules. There are also some insights on boiling point and melting temperature provided in this chapter. In addition, the role of gas laws and how Gay Lussack’s Law, Boyle’s Law, Avogadro’s Law, etc. will be discussed. They help students understand their ideal behavior.

Along with this, Avogadro’s number, the empirical deviation in the gas equation, and the ideal equation required for the numerical equation are presented.

Class 11 Chemistry Subtopic Chapter 5: State of Matter

Intermolecular Force

  • Dispersion Forces or London Forces
  • Dipole-dipole style
  • Dipole-induced dipole force
  • Hydrogen compounds

Thermal energy

Intermolecular forces versus thermal interactions

Ex gas status

Gas law ex

  • Boyle’s Law (Relationship Between Pressure and Volume)
  • Charles’s law (temperature-volume relationship)
  • Gay Lusac’s Law (Relationship Between Pressure and Temperature)
  • Avogadro’s law (volume-to-size ratio)

Equations for ideal gases

  • Density and molar mass of gaseous substances
  • Dalton’s law of partial pressure

The kinetic molecular theory of gases

Real gas behavior: Deviation from ideal gas behavior

Gas liquefaction

Liquid state

  • Steam pressure
  • Surface tension and viscosity

NCERT chemistry class 11 Chapter 6 Chemical Thermodynamics

Chemistry Lesson 11, Chapter 6 helps with the concept of various systems and their various types. There is also an intense and extensive discussion of the environment in terms of heat, work, energy, properties and functions of the state.

In this chapter the first law of thermodynamics is discussed. Includes internal enthalpy and energy, specific heat, heat capacity, heat measurement and more.

Subtopics in Chemistry Class 11 Chapter 6 Chemical Thermodynamics

Thermodynamic terms

  • System and environment
  • Types of thermodynamic systems
  • System status
  • Inner energy as a function of state


  • Work
  • Enthalpy, H.

Measurement of ΔU and ΔH: calorimetry

Enthalpy change and enthalpy reactions

Enthalpies for various types of reactions


Gibbs energy balance and change

NCERT Chemical Solutions – Class 11, Chapter 7: Equilibrium

This chapter 7 of NCERT’s Class 11 Solution Chemistry discusses the concept of equilibrium in chemical and physical processes, as well as details on the dynamics of equilibria. There is also knowledge of the laws of mass action, the factors affecting equilibrium, and the equilibrium constant according to Le Chatelier’s principle.

In addition, information on the strength of acids, ionization of polybasic acids, Henderson’s equations, the concept of pH, and other topics are also discussed.

Subtopics in NCERT Chemistry Class 11 Chapter 7
Solid-liquid balance

  • Liquid vapor equilibrium
  • Solid cash balance
  • Equilibrium relates to the dissolving of a solid or gaseous substance in a liquid
  • General characteristics of balance, including physical processes

Equilibrium in chemical processes – dynamic equilibrium
The laws of chemical equilibrium and the equilibrium constant
Homogeneous equilibria

  • The equilibrium constant in a gas system

Heterogeneous equilibria

Application of the equilibrium constant

  • Predicted reaction rates
  • Predict the direction of the reaction
  • Calculation of equilibrium concentration

The relationship between the equilibrium constant K, the reaction coefficient Q and the Gibbs energy G.

Factors Affecting Balance

  • Effect of change in concentration
  • Effect of pressure changes
  • Effect of adding an inert gas
  • Effect of temperature changes
  • Catalyst effect

Ionic equilibrium in solution

Acids, bases and salts

  • Arrhenius concept for acids and bases
  • Bronsted-Lowry acids and bases
  • Lewis acids and bases

Ionization of acids and bases

  • Ionization constant is water and it is an ionic product
  • Ph
  • Weak acid ionization constant
  • Weak base ionization
  • The relationship between Ka and Kb
  • Di- and polybasic acids and di- and poly acid bases
  • Factors affecting acid strength
  • General ionic effect in the ionization of acids and bases
  • Salt hydrolysis and pH of the solution

Buffer solution

Solubility equilibrium of insoluble salt

  • Constant product solubility
  • Overall ionic effect on the solubility of ionic salts

NCERT Solutions for Chemistry – Class 11, Chapter 8: Reduction Reactions

“Reduction Reaction” is the eighth chapter in the NCERT Grade 11 chemistry textbook. It is considered by many to be one of the most important chapters in the CBSE Grade 11 Chemistry curriculum because the entire field of electrochemistry deals with redox reactions.

Subtopics of Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 8 Reduction Reactions

The classic idea for oxidation and reduction reactions

Reduction reactions are related to electron transfer reactions

  • Competitive reaction to electronic transmission

Oxidation number

  • Types of redox reactions
  • Redox reaction compensation
  • Reduction reactions as the basis of titration
  • Limitation of the concept of the oxidation number

Reduction reactions and electrode processes

NCERT Chemical Solutions – Class 11, Chapter 9: Hydrogen

Chapter 9 Hydrogen Grade 11 in Chemistry mainly aims to educate students about hydrogen properties, reactions, use and other relative factors. In addition, hydrogen is an important element because it is the most abundant element and accounts for more than 80 percent of the mass of the entire universe.

Therefore, if you are a chemistry student, it is important to know everything about this element. With that in mind, here we offer a series of NCERT Solutions for Chemistry Class, Chapter 9, which will allow students to test their knowledge of Chapter 9, which is Hydrogen, and learn how to do the problems.

With our download solution for NCERT Grade 11 in Chemistry, Chapter 9 PDF, students can access content from anywhere and find out about a variety of topics.

Class 11 Chemistry Subtopics Chapter 9 – Hydrogen

Position of hydrogen on the periodic table

Dihydrogen, H2

  • Occurrence
  • Hydrogen isotope

Production of dihydrogen, H2

  • Dihydrogen laboratory preparation
  • Commercial production of dihydrogen

Properties of dihydrogen

  • Physical property
  • Chemical properties
  • Use of dihydrogen


  • Ionic or physiological hydride solutions
  • Covalent or molecular hydrides
  • Metallic or non-stoichiometric (or interstitial) hydrides

Water Ex

  • Physical properties of water, eg.
  • Water structure
  • Ice structure
  • Water chemistry
  • Hard and soft water
  • Temporary difficulties
  • Constant hardness

Hydrogen peroxide (H202)

  • Preparation
  • Physical property
  • structure

Chemical properties

  • Camp
  • Uses

Heavy water, D20

Dihydrogen as fuel

NCERT Chemical Solutions – Class 11, Chapter 10: S Block Elements

This chapter describes the elements in groups 1 and 2. The electronic configurations and their occurrence are also described. Each of the first items in the group exhibits abnormal behavior, which is also discussed in this chapter.

There are diagonal relationships such as atomic radius, variation of ionization enthalpy properties, ionic radius, etc. are also discussed. This chapter also explains how to make some important compounds such as sodium chloride, sodium carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate, and sodium hydroxide.

Class 11 Chemistry Subtopics Chapter 10 – S Block Elements

Group 1 elements: alkali metals

General properties of alkali metal compounds

  • Oxides and hydroxides
  • Halide
  • Oxo acid salt
  • Abnormal lithium properties
  • Several important sodium compounds
  • The biological significance of sodium and potassium
  • Group 2 elements: alkaline earth metals
  • General properties of alkaline earth metal compounds
  • Abnormal behavior of beryllium
  • Several important calcium compounds
  • The biological importance of magnesium and calcium.

NCERT Class 11, Chapter 11: P-Block Elements

This chapter provides a more general overview of the student’s p block elements. This chapter also provides extensive and detailed information about the elements in group 13. The degrees of oxidation variation and their properties are also discussed. The chemical and physical properties of boron and its important compounds such as boric acid, borax, borohydride and others. Covered in this chapter.

Class 11 Chemistry Subtopics Chapter 11 – P Block Elements

Group element 13: Family of fighters

  • Electronic configuration
  • Atomic radius
  • Ionization enthalpy
  • Electronegativity
  • Physical property
  • Chemical properties

Important trends and anomalous properties of boron

Several important boron compounds

  • Borax
  • Orthoboric acid
  • Diboranes, B2h6

Use of boron and aluminum and their compounds

Element group 14: carbon family

  • Electronic configuration
  • Covalent radius
  • Ionization enthalpy
  • Electronegativity
  • Physical property
  • Chemical properties

Main trends and abnormal carbon behavior

Carbon allotropes

  • Diamond
  • Graphite
  • Fullerenes
  • Consumption of carbon

Several important compounds of carbon and silicon

  • Carbon monoxide
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Silica, SiO 2
  • Silicone
  • Silicate
  • Zeolite

NCERT Chemical Solutions – Class 11, Chapter 12: Organic Chemistry organic chemistry class 11 notes Some Basic Principles and Techniques

Organic chemistry class 11 notes describes in more detail the various cleaning methods as well as the quantitative and qualitative analysis used for these methods. In addition, this chapter discusses information on IUPAC nomenclature and classifications of various organic compounds.

In addition, the electronic shifts that appear in covalent bonds in the form of electrometer effects, inductive effects, hyperconjugation and resonance are discussed in detail.

Class 11 Chemistry Subtopics Chapter 12 – Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques

General introduction

Carbon tetravalence: forms of organic compounds

Structural representation of organic compounds

  • Complete structural formula, solid and binding
  • Three-dimensional representation of organic molecules

Classification of organic compounds

Organic compound nomenclature

  • IUPAC nomenclature system
  • Iupac nomenclature of alkanes
  • Nomenclature of organic compounds with a functional group (S)
  • Nomenclature of substituted benzene compounds


  • Structural isomerism
  • Stereoisomerism

Basic concept of organic reaction mechanism

  • Separation of covalent bonds
  • Nucleophiles and electrophiles
  • Movement of electrons in organic reactions
  • Effect of electron shifting in covalent bonds
  • Inductive effect
  • Resonance structure
  • Resonance effect
  • Electrometer effect (E effect)
  • Hyperconjugation
  • Types of reactions and organic mechanisms

Methods for cleaning organic compounds

  • Sublimation
  • Crystallization
  • Distillation
  • Differential extraction
  • Chromatography

Qualitative analysis of organic compounds

  • Carbon and hydrogen detection
  • Detect other objects

Quantitative analysis

  • Carbon and hydrogen
  • Nitrogen
  • Halogen
  • Sulfur
  • Phosphor
  • oxygen

NCERT Chemical Solutions – Class 11, Chapter 13: Hydrocarbons

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Chemistry Chapter 13 Hydrocarbons is one of the most important chapters in organic chemistry. Grade 11 is an important phase in student life as it highlights important topics such as hydrocarbons. Grade 11 CBSE hydrocarbons teaches about alkanes.

Class 11 Chemistry Subtopics Chapter 13 – Hydrocarbons



  • Nomenclature and Isomerism
  • Preparation
  • Characteristics
  • Conformation


  • Double bond structure
  • Nomenclature
  • Isomerism
  • Preparation
  • Characteristics


  • Nomenclature and Isomerism
  • Triple connection structure
  • Preparation
  • Characteristics

Aromatic hydrocarbons

  • Nomenclature and Isomerism
  • Benzene structure
  • Aroma
  • Benzene manufacture
  • Characteristics
  • Influence of Guidelines on Functional Groups in Benzene Monosubstituted

Carcinogenicity and Toxicity

NCERT Chemical Solutions – Class 11, Chapter 14: Environmental Chemistry

Environmental chemistry class 11 notes is one of the most important chapters in NCERT’s Grade 11 Chemistry Book. In this chapter students are taught very important environmental concepts such as air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution and its causes.

In addition, these students will learn pollution control strategies, such as waste disposal and use of pesticides to reduce soil pollution.

Class 11 Chemistry Subtopics Chapter 14 – Environmental Chemistry

Environmental pollution

Atmospheric pollution

  • Troposphere pollution
  • Stratosphere pollution

Water pollution

  • Causes of Water Pollution
  • International standards for drinking water

Soil contamination

  • Pesticide

Industrial waste

Pollution Control Strategy

  • Waste handling

Green Chemistry

  • Introduction
  • Green chemistry in everyday life

Chemistry Notes for PDF Class 11

CBSE’s Grade 11 chemistry notes are essential for students to prepare for their Grade 11 chemistry exams. If the basic chemistry concepts are not clear, students may not be able to understand more complex information about a topic. Therefore, it is very important for students to align their Grade 11 chemistry notes with effective exam preparation.

Several concepts have been asked a lot over the years – such as ionic bonding, van der Waals forces, atomic structure, and redox reactions. Therefore, students need to ensure that they study this issue in depth.

However, this does not mean that students should ignore other chapters. in fact it will be very detrimental. In today’s highly competitive environment, studying all the chapters helps students stand out from the rest.

This CBSE grade 11 chemistry transfer grade is designed to help students understand concepts easily. Most of the technical terms and specifications are described, schemes and structures are developed where necessary.

Conclusion want the information on our website to be helpful in clarifying your questions. If you need more assistance, ask your teacher. Stay connected with our website for the latest NCERT Solution updates in no time.