What is a non-finite verb? Explain the types of non-finite verbs with examples

Non-finite verbs: a verb is a word used to describe an action, e.g., jog. Verb can be finite or non-finite. A finite verb is a verb that has a subject. In the sentence

He jogs home, the pronoun he is subject and jogs describes what the subject is doing. A finite verb is affected by tense and number

A non-finite verb is not affected by tense, person, or number. There are three types of non-finite verbs:

  1. Infinitives
  2. Gerunds
  3. participles

Infinitives are most basic form of a verb, often preceded by the word ‘’to’’. They may function as adverb, nouns, adjectives.


  1. I struggle to understand (functions as adverb)
  2. To exercise is good for the body. (functions as noun)
  3. I do not have time to enjoy dinner. (functions as adjectives)

A gerund is a verb ending in -ing which functions as a noun.


1.I love swimming. (in this sentence, swimming is a non-finite verb. It is gerund as a noun is formed from the verb ‘’swim’’ using the -ing suffix)

  1. Travelling is my favorite hobby.
  2. Are you interested in singing

A participle is a verb ending in ‘’-ed’’ or ‘’-ing’’ and isused as an adjective.


The movie was interesting. (present participle)

1.Eating freshly picked fruits is good for health. 6(past participle) 2.Ladakh is fascinating. We are all excited to be going there. (present and past participle)

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