What is connective? Give examples. Classification of connectives with examples.

Connectives are variety of words and phrases that can be used to link sentences and organize text. Connectives help in establishing connections within and between sentences. These linking words are like signposts that indicate how ideas are connected to each other and how one idea leads to another. Just as signposts tell us what is coming next, connectives help us anticipate what is coming next in paragraph(s).

For example:

  • The firm was doing badly. So it was closed.
  • As it is your money, you can do what you like with it.

Connectives convey different types of relation. They can be classified into different categories based on the function they perform.

  • Adding connectives are used to add further information.

For example: 

Air conditioners use lot of energy. Additionally they cause pollution.

  • Sequencing connectives help develop the logical sequence of ideas and show a chronological order.

For example:

Initially, I studied two pages. Later, I completed the whole book.

  • Emphasizing connectives help highlight certain points.

For example:

Work hard, especially if you wish to get good marks.

  • Comparing connectives compare two ideas to show similarity.

For example:

He is clever. Similarly, his sister is intelligent.

  • Contrasting connectives show the difference between ideas.

For example:

I am fair, whereas my sister is dark.

  • Cause and effect connectives explain why something happens.

For example:

The boy missed his bus. Consequently, he was late for exam.

  • Illustrating connectives are used to provide examples.

For example:

She reads lots of books, such as tragedy, sentimental, biography etc.

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