What is framing of question framing? Its kinds

Asking questions is probably the most common feature of our everyday use of language. We ask questions for practical purposes—to seek information, to get confirmation, and to choose between alternatives. The importance of asking questions cannot be overemphasized—there would be no inventions, no discoveries and no progress without asking the right questions at the right time.

Kinds of questions

  • Information questions (or ‘wh’ questions)

‘where do you live?’

Information questions begin with ‘who’, ‘what’, ‘where’, ‘how’, ‘how much’ and so on, which are called ‘question words’. Questions using these words cannot be answered with ‘yes’ or ‘no’. Some information is given in response. Hence, they are called information questions.

Example: What is your name?

  • ‘Yes’/’no’ questions

‘’Are you a teacher?’’

The response to such questions may be affirmative (‘’yes’’) or negative (‘’no’’), should be all affirmative or all negative.

Example: Are you a teacher?, Yes, I am. / No, I’m not.

  • Alternative questions

‘’Do you like signing or dancing?’’

Such questions offer alternatives and the response may be either or both or neither of the alternatives. Such questions are called alternative questions. Alternative questions are used with word ‘or’, and they cannot be answered with ‘yes’ or ‘no’. A full sentence is needed as an answers

Tag questions

‘’Walking is a good exercise, isn’t it?”

Note that the question tag at the end draws attention to the statement that precedes it. Such questions are called ‘tag questions’. Question tags are not actually questions—they only expect agreement (hence, they may be remembered as ‘confirmation questions’). Tag questions are usually used only in conversation and not in formal English.

  • If the statement is in the affirmative, the tag is in the negative.

You are a teacher, aren’t you?

  • If the statement is in the negative, the tag is in the affirmative.

You aren’t a good student, are you?

  • The subject of the tag question is always a pronoun, and it is a substitute for the subject of the statement.

Ramesh is a teacher, isn’t he?

  • The pronoun is used in the tag according to the number(singular/plural), gender (masculine/feminine) and person (1st,2nd,3rd) of the subject of the statement.

Ramesh is a teacher, isn’t he?

Ramesh and Ravi are teachers, aren’t they?

  • In the tag, as in other “yes-no” type questions, the verb is shifted to the beginning of the tag.

Your mother is a employee, isn’t she?

  • The other ‘be’ forms (‘are, is, was, were’) are repeated in the tag.

They are students, aren’t they?

  • In the case of linking verb other than ‘be’, the appropriate form of ‘do’ in the statement is repeated in the tag.

She also works at home, doesn’t she?

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