Tense is a change in verb to express time at which the action of the verb takes place. Tense means time. There are three tenses and each of them has four main divisions.
Basically there are three tenses past, present and, future. But each tense will have four divisions. All together there will be twelve tenses.
STRUCTURES, AND CLUE WORDS FOR ALL THE TWELVE TENSES
|Name of the tense||Uses||Examples||Clues words/time identification|
|Simple present tense||1.Habitual Actions 2. Universal Truths 3.Planned Future An||1. He goes to college at 8 O clock daily 2. The sun rises in the East||Usually, generally, always, frequently, rarely, often, never, some times every day week/month/year|
|Simple past tense||Action that completed at some time in past||He came to my house yesterday||Yesterday, last week/ month/ year, ago once, at that time|
|Simple future tense||Action that takes place at some time in future||We shall go to picnic next Sunday||Tomorrow, next week/ month/ year|
|Present continuous tense||An action which will be going at the time of speaking or during the present time||They are preparing for SSC now||Now, at present, look! Listen, don’t disturb|
|Past continuous tense||An action was going on at some time in the past||They were playing cricket yesterday afternoon||When/while|
|Future continuous tense||An action which will be going on in the future||-at 7’O clock tomorrow morning||At this time + tomorrow/ next week /next month/next year|
|Present perfect tense||An action which is just completed in the past but its time is not given||He has just gone out I have seen him some where before||Just, just now, already, so far, till now, recently, lately, yet, ever|
|Past perfect tense||An action that had completed before another action in the past simple past||The train had already left when we reached the station||When/ before/ after as soon as/ that|
|Future perfect tense||An action that will be completed by certain time in future||I will have seen that movie by this time tomorrow||By + tomorrow/ next week/ month/ year|
|Present perfect continuous||An action that started at some time in the past and is still going on||We have been living in Hyderabad for past five years||Since/ for, how long|
|Past perfect continuous||An action which started at some time in the past and had been in progress until some other action happened in the past||When I went to the station last Sunday at 9 ‘O clock my friend had been waiting for me for 2 hours||Since/for|
|Future perfect||An action which will have been in progress ever a period of time in future||By the time Mr. sharma retire in 2011, he will have been doing that job for 30 years||Since / for|